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Hair Changed Everything: Music, Sex, Drugs and Music

Special To Topanga Journal

Producer Michael Butler talks about the groundbreaking musical Hair, June 12, 2007 at the Met Theatre in Hollywood, with Lee Ferris.

1968. The height of the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement, a time of peace, love and chaos. A year that held the death of RFK and MLK Jr., anti-war protests and a musical that changed lives, embodying core values resonating in self-worth and hope. The year 2018 marks the 50th anniversary of the original Broadway show “Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical.” It is a social-emotional, politically driven force of rights and voice. “Hair” parallels attitudes of the time it was born. The producer of the original Broadway show, Michael Butler, states, “the musical taught me about peace and love. I believes that ‘Hair’ is a work of God. It has such an effect on the people that work within it.”

Cara Robin and Richard (Dick) Osorio, General Manager of the Original “Hair” Broadway Production
Cara Robin and Richard (Dick) Osorio, General Manager of the Original “Hair” Broadway Production

Flower children, hippies, musicians, artists and revolutionaries are voices loud and strong; A part of history woven into stories of freedom, oppression, happiness and desire. Stories told through music, sex, drugs and politics. According to Butler “Politics are more serious now than when it opened. The war situation is much worse. America has become War Incorporated. The social point of view is that the rich are dumping on the poor. Politics are helping that. The President is out to lunch. Fascism is now a keyword in this country. “Hair” is more current today than it was in 1968.”

A reflection of counter-culture perspective, “Hair” opens conversation for future collaborations. This dialogue will start with Cara Robin, the production coordinator and second company casting director of the original Broadway show. Cara Robin is “an important part of the ‘Hair’ community and a light” beautifully expressed by Mr. Butler.  

I got into ‘Hair’ because Bobby Kennedy asked me to go to New York.“ Michael Butler

Interview of Music, Sex, Drugs and Music. Reflection: The 60s and 2018  

TJ – It is the 50th Anniversary of “Hair” – does its message still stand strong? 

CR – The musical still gives hope to a generation. It’s a sing-along of social issues by people looking for their identity, wanting a voice, and looking for the sun to shine in. It addresses topics with which we’re familiar: the military, air-pollution, love-triangles. Racism is alive and well. And people need people. 

TJ – What are the main musical messages of the 60s? 

CR – The explosion of rock n’ roll came via the Beatles’ early music, infectious and fun, pop lyrics with super style. It didn’t yet have the social messaging folk music had but grew and evolved to set the tone for the changing times. Bob Dylan’s evolution to rock n’ roll music were lyrics speaking to a new generation looking for change and feeling alienated from society and addressed their deep-held fears and hopes.  The closest sound to the energy and feeling of the 60s is the “Hamilton” soundtrack. Poetry in music via rap. “Hamilton” made me cry the first time I heard it. It has power, passion and skill of storytelling.

TJ – What was the reaction of gender assumption in relationships? Talk about the idea of free love and open relationships.  

CR – The counter-culture was quite liberal and inclusive. People didn’t seem to judge others because of their sexual preference. There was also a lot of sexual exploration going on in relationships. We’re addressing a specific group here – the counter-culture – where, yes, free love and open relationships was prevalent. People were exploring new freedoms and defying the “normal.”

TJ – Does free love exist in 2018?

CR – Free Love does not exist amongst my peers as far as I know. We are looking for committed relationships and strong friendships rather than free love. It could exist amongst the younger generation, but it’s not being shouted from the rooftops as it was in the 60s.

 TJ – What was the usage of drugs for self-discovery? 

CR – LSD was the main “self-awareness” drug, although it was usually taken for recreation rather than self-analysis. But the thoughts the drugs produced were quite mind opening, even though usually forgotten the next day. I had a friend that took LSD under a doctor’s supervision; so all of his experiences were recorded, which must have been quite interesting after the fact.

TJ – Is the usage of drugs for self-discovery is still a good idea? 

CR – Seems like more people use yoga for self-discovery these days.

TJ – How did the musical “Hair” inspire you politically and emotionally? 

CR – It awakened me to the urgency of being present and aware, of recognizing goodness as well as danger in the political climate and society. Emotionally it opened my heart to love and accepting people for who they are, to acknowledge the warmth and light feelings of happiness.

MB – I got into “Hair” because Bobby Kennedy asked me to go to New York. When at a club, I saw a poster for the musical “Hair.” The faces in the photograph were of two interests, the Native Americans and being against the Vietnam War. It was the strongest anti-war image I had ever seen. The musical got well reviewed and was wanting to be something commercial. Would I like to do it? I said yes. I was in politics, running for US Senate, and I decided to produce “Hair” instead. These were the messages of anti-war that I wanted to be a part of. Emotionally the story of “Hair” is such a strong statement that I could get into. 

TJ – How do the political themes of the 60s compare to the political views expressed today? 

CR – Similar. Life seems to progress in circles, same issues with little resolution. Especially with regard to race. Hopefully we can change this in the next years, awareness is coming, people are getting woke. 

TJ – Were you involved in politics in the 60s? Are you involved in politics today? What is your main goal in working in politics?

CR – I participated in marches against the Vietnam War and worked briefly on Eugene McCarthy for President campaign, the anti-war candidate. Currently I am President of the West LA Democratic Club, Executive Board Member of the California Democratic Party, elected Member of the Los Angeles County Democratic Central Committee and Co-Chair of the Westside Democratic HQ. My main goal is to elect Progressive Democrats to every level of government and inform the public on issues and candidates through meetings and events. 

TJ – Talk about women’s rights in the 60s compared to women’s rights today. 

CR – In the 60s you had to be a strong woman to be heard, and as I was in a position of power in my casting work, I had a voice.  But not equal pay, the men always made more. Men were in higher positions in most areas in business, politics, fashion, publishing and the arts. Women have much more power and standing today than in the 60s. Women are at the top in nearly every field, and the fight for equal pay for equal work has made great strides. Women are leading the way in the political fights and protests.

TJ – How do we move forward politically with positivity? 

CR – We identify what is important in society – social justice, affordable health care, housing, debt-free education, immigration, gun control, people feeling safe and happy. We can’t discount the importance of feeling happy. Then we work to elect strong, conscious representatives that will move these ideals forward, and this can only happen when we take money out of politics. 

Remember to Love. “Hair” brings about a reason to care and an example of how. Through the topics of music, sex, drugs and politics we hear stories of a time that reflect the self and its current surroundings. “Hair” in lyric, style and production is a profound example of hope for the future. The messages of “Hair” will continue, the discussions of change and growth present new ideas of communication and a common ground of trust. Randy Brooks, Tribe from the original Los Angeles production of “Hair” expressed “what the show did was open my eyes to the unfairness and hate that needed all the love the show was preaching.” 

“Hair” will be the soundtrack for our lives for generations to come. Its impact is evident with the compassion it continues to produce. Remember to LET THE SUN SHINE IN! 


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Disney Star to Appear as Lead Clara Johnson Opposite Opera’s Superstar Renée Fleming

Special To Topanga Journal

Musical theater star and film and TV actress Dove Cameron will make her LA Opera debut in “The Light in the Piazza,” 

She will play the lead role of Clara Johnson, a young woman with a long-hidden secret that threatens her hopes of finding true love during a summer vacation through Italy. Opera superstar Renée Fleming will portray her mother, Margaret Johnson. Ms. Cameron and Ms. Fleming will appear together for the first time in “The Light in the Piazza” this June at London’s Royal Festival Hall, produced by John Berry and Anthony Lilley for Scenario Two Ltd and directed by Daniel Evans. The production will then travel to Los Angeles, opening at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion on October 12.

The synopsis for “The Light in the Piazza” is it takes place in the summer of 1953. Margaret Johnson, the wife of an American businessman, is touring the Tuscan countryside with her daughter, Clara. While sightseeing, Clara—a beautiful, surprisingly childish young woman—loses her hat in a sudden gust. As if guided by an unseen hand, the hat lands at the feet of Fabrizio Naccarelli, a handsome Florentine, who returns it to Clara. This brief episode, charged with coincidence and fate, sparks an immediate and intense romance between Clara and Fabrizio. Margaret, extremely protective of her daughter, attempts to keep Clara and Fabrizio apart.

“Cameron will play the lead role of Clara Johnson, a young woman with a long-hidden secret that threatens her hopes of finding true love during a summer vacation through Italy.” From the plot of The Light in the Piazza

As The Light in the Piazza unfolds, a secret is revealed: in addition to the cultural differences between the young lovers, Clara is not quite all that she appears. Unable to suppress the truth about her daughter, Margaret is forced to reconsider not only Clara’s future, but her own hopes as well.

There is a book by Craig Lucas. The music and lyrics are by Adam Guettel. The enchanting Broadway musical won six Tony Awards in 2006, including Best Original Score and Best Orchestrations. 

Dove Cameron most recently starred as Cher in the Off-Broadway production of “Clueless: The Musical” and in Netflix’s “Dumplin’” with Jennifer Aniston. Next, she reprises her role as Mal in Disney’s live-action film “Descendants 3,” set for release this summer. The film follows the teenage children of classic Disney villains. Dove originated the role of Mal, Maleficent’s daughter, in 2015’s “Descendants.” The 2017 sequel “Descendants 2” drew the biggest cable numbers since the original and was the most-watched telecast among kid cable TV networks in total viewers (8.6 million).

Later this year, she lends her voice to Sony’s animated feature “Angry Birds 2,” set for release in September 9. Dove also currently voices Spider-Gwen in the animated film “Marvel Rising: Secret Warriors,” which premiered simultaneously on Disney Channel and Disney XD. She returned as Spider-Gwen in “Marvel Rising: Chasing Ghosts.”

She is perhaps best known for playing the dual role as both title characters in Disney’s “Liv and Maddie” for four seasons, for which she took home a 2018 Daytime Emmy.

She has appeared in “Marvel’s Agents of Shield” on ABC, on NBC’s “Hairspray Live!,” as Amber von Tussle, and in the film “Barely Lethal.”

The Light in the Piazza runs from October 12 – 20, 2019, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. Tickets are currently only available to LA Opera subscribers purchasing season tickets. Season tickets can be purchased at or by phone at 213.972.3631. Single tickets will become available for sale to the general public June 20. 


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Dr. Peter Alsop: Feminism as A Verb: Part One

Special To Topanga Journal

Feminism is the idea there should be equal rights and opportunities between the sexes under the law. The U.S., however, has a long history of patriarchy, making the goal of parity elusive. 

The patriarchal systems women face today have been embedded in our world’s social and psychological structures for eons. How we do feminism today, like marching in the streets in the hundreds of thousands in many cities clad in pink pussy hats to give Trump the double bird, isn’t much different from how the suffragettes risked their lives marching in the streets for the right to vote. During one major suffragettes’ parade that took place March 3, 1913, as part of the campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, historical records from the Library of Congress show the women who marched in Washington DC that day were jostled, jeered, ridiculed, tripped, and assaulted as they made their way along the parade route. Some women were grabbed and shoved, and many heard “indecent epithets” and “barnyard conversation.” The records show police did little to help the suffragettes, who had purposefully planned the march one day prior to Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration day for maximum effect.

Kriss Perras headshot by Alan Weissman

By Kriss Perras

“Instead of protecting the parade, the police seemed to enjoy all the ribald jokes and laughter, and in part participated in them,” stated the Library of Congress records. “One policeman explained the women should stay at home where they belonged. They did not regard the affair very seriously.”

Over 100 women were hospitalized with injuries that day in 1913 for the sake of the Nineteenth Amendment, which was adopted in 1920. Today the idea of parity between the sexes has made some progress, as there are now men who call themselves feminists.

“I’d been writing a bunch of feminist songs about women and men and our issues,” he recalled of his time in New York 50 years ago. “I was raised in a family where there was a lot of humor. I started looking at some of that stuff through humorous eyes.” Dr. Peter Alsop

This journalist sat down for an interview with Dr. Peter Alsop, a  psychologist and longtime feminist, nationally known singer-songwriter, lecturer, husband to actress-director Ellen Geer and humorist. He received his bachelor’s in religion at Trinity College and master of arts at Columbia University’s Teachers College as part of his PhD program in educational psychology. He finished his doctorate at Columbia Pacific University in San Anselmo, California. He is also a certified experiential therapist. 

This is the first in a three-part series of stories about Dr. Alsop and the idea of feminism. In part one we learn what feminism means to him, why it is important to distinguish between using verbs and labels, and when he first recognized how he wanted to “do” his feminism. The hours of recorded interviews have been condensed and edited.

Dr. Alsop’s awakening as a feminist was sparked 50 years ago by a former flame. Hell-bent on raising his consciousness, a girlfriend opened his eyes to the lived experiences of women all over the world by a simple, and early, exercise in walking in her shoes. 

On a New York City morning in the 1960s, he recounts he had said to her, “You’re a feminist. It’s your turn to go downstairs and get the newspaper.” She balked, he said, telling him he had no idea what she would go through when she went to get the paper. He didn’t understand, so she told him to follow her.

“So I went down and followed about fifty feet behind her,” recounts Dr. Alsop. “The whole environment was different for her walking alone as a young woman in New York City. The friendly flower seller on the corner was making lewd noises at her with his mouth. You could see the guy staring at her ass. I thought, wow, this sucks. It didn’t happen to me. It wasn’t the world I lived in. I wasn’t aware of that. I went, this isn’t OK. It was guys doing it. I should be talking about this stuff.”

Aghast at his girlfriend’s experiences on a New York City street, Dr. Alsop put pen to paper with his musical talents and humor. He said it wasn’t about making fun of people but rather about acknowledging our humanity, and the ways we “do” masculinity in this culture. Take note of the word do here, dear reader. Dr. Alsop is about to make a few changes in the way you “do” thinking in your head.

Dr. Alsop’s music is about challenging patriarchal thinking. His album Disciples of PerFection begins with the title song. It includes a phrase about how the light shines through our cracks, or personal imperfections through which our uniqueness shines through. 

Dr. Alsop croons, “Disciples of perfection don’t like changing … it’s mostly male brains who say, there is no other way…. And so the wars we have fought, religious rules that we’ve been taught, came from these fearful thoughts by disciples of perfection…. Is life broken when a beggar begs or part of life like cracks in eggs, which is where life’s perfect light shines through? That light connects us, me and you.”

His healing music lifts people up and fosters understanding among them. He uses the folk genre to help build bridges of compassion between otherwise polarized ways of thinking.

“I’d been writing a bunch of feminist songs about women and men and our issues,” he recalled of his time in New York 50 years ago. “I was raised in a family where there was a lot of humor. I started looking at some of that stuff through humorous eyes.”

Another formative experience in his journey as a feminist was his attendance at a conference of male feminists. At that conference, he began to consider the distinction between being labeled a feminist and doing feminism.

“I don’t know the label feminist can encompass something, because it’s a label,” said Dr. Alsop. “One of the things I teach is the importance of verbs more than nouns. You can say a feminist, and I go OK, what does a feminist do? Because that can make sense, and I can start understanding it. I do this with my audiences sometimes. I say raise your hands if you ever saw a Christian coming towards you and you went the other way. Many people get embarrassed and raise their hands. I go, exactly. It’s not about the label, it’s about how they do their Christianity. It’s about the verbs. If they want to push their stuff on you without listening to what you have to say or be curious about you as a human being, why would you want to be around them? Verbs are very important.”

Dr. Alsop said our brains are designed to tell stories. He said of his feminism, and the reason he writes the songs he does, is to help people without making fun of them or without threatening their old stories. Perhaps they could consider a different story about themselves. He recounted how he and Ellen Geer availed themselves of teaching moments while rearing their children.

“When our kids were growing up they would say, ‘I can’t do that.’ And I would say, wait a minute, you know the rule. They’d go, ‘OK.’ The rule was you can use the word can’t in a sentence, but you just have to say the word yet at the end of the sentence. ‘I can’t whistle, yet.’ It totally blows the can’t out of the water, doesn’t it? There are little techniques I’ve had great fun passing on, because they’re playful and attainable by somebody who can hold a concept, when so much of our life seems interwoven you don’t even bother trying to undo what’s there. That’s what I’ve been doing with my songs.”

When asked why feminism is necessary, Dr. Alsop defined it.

“What is called feminism for me is really about creating a more life-affirming world,” he said.  “There’s a poem by Judith Viorst: ‘My husband the writer works in an office with a couch that costs $500 while I write at home amidst diapers, laundry and a little baby that hollers.’ The difference is, a guy is like, ‘I can’t write with this kid around. I can’t think.’ It’s only because you don’t have to.” Single fathers, for example, quickly learn how to occupy their children while remaining present and interactive with them.  “If you don’t have to do it because you’re privileged, by being male, and people say, ‘I don’t get along with kids. Wait till they get to be three, and then I’ll play with them. Wait until they can talk. I don’t do diapers,’ they’re missing some of the richness of life. When I talk on the stage like that, guys are sitting in the audience going, wow, I do that, don’t I? Maybe I ought to cut that out.”

Dr. Alsop decided  to become an educational psychologist 50 years ago. After Richard Nixon won the presidency in a landslide victory, he decided to work with children. The way he figured it, if adults could not see Nixon was crooked, they were not to be trusted. He felt, he said, he needed to raise children’s awareness, since adults were not getting it.

 “I feel like a lot of what I do is subversive parenting,” he said. “If you have a parenting workshop, the parents who need it the least are the only ones who come. But if I have an award-winning kids record, and they take it into their homes, they let the kids play it. I sing about the importance of diversity, about speaking up, setting boundaries, my body is nobody’s body but mine, you run your own body, let me run mine.

To illustrate the importance of setting boundaries, Dr. Alsop described a common practice in many families: A child will tell a parent that she disliked it when a grandparent pinched her cheek. The child asks the parent to please ask the grandparent to stop it. The parent, however, will dismiss the child’s request by saying the grandparent meant nothing by it, so the child need not worry. Justification for this dismissal often comes in the form of “your granddad, or grandma, is going to be dead soon.”

“What are we teaching our kids?” asked Dr. Alsop. “That if they don’t like the way grown-ups are touching them, how they feel is not important because I don’t want to deal with Grandma, or Grandpa. That’s not a lesson we want our kids to have. We want our kids to know their feelings are important and have a right speak up about them. I’ve gotten testimonials on camera about the My Body song. They’ve said that song has literally saved their kid’s life.”

The social and psychological structures that support the patriarchal system that prevent women and children from having control over their own bodies and futures are threatened by feminism. What Dr. Alsop’s girlfriend of 50 years ago, the suffragettes of 1913, and women today on their way to the gym or store have in common is the experience of being subjected to foul noises or words hurled at them from men nearby. These experiences are just some of the many reasons that make feminism as an idea and movement necessary. The way people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual and implied influence of others matters. This influence has consequences for women and their freedoms, economic status, and right to vote, as well as their pursuit of happiness.


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Plácido Domingo and James Conlon In La Opera’s Don Carlo At Santa Monica Pier

Plácido Domingo and James Conlon will appear at the Santa Monica Pier via the LA Opera’s simulcast performance of Don Carlo. Part of the Opera At The Beach series sponsored by Los Angeles County and Supervisor Sheila Kuehl, the season opener of Verdi’s masterpiece will be broadcast live in high-definition from the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion to the big screen at the Pier, Saturday, September 22, 2018.

A tale of morality and mortality, Don Carlo speaks of a broken-hearted Don Carlo. He lost his fiance to his father, who is the King of Spain. In retaliation, Don Carlo realigns himself against the Spanish Inquisition knowing full well his vow to fight for liberty might ultimately cost his life. The libretto is filled with rich orchestrations, thundering choruses and an endless flow of rapturous melodies.

In four acts we learn of the counter culture Don Carlo lives in against his father. By the end of the fourth act, the tension is so strong and melodies so rapturous the grandeur of this oper a has become legendary.

Don Carlo is portrayed by superstar Ramón Vargas and Rodrigo, Marquis of Posa, is portrayed by the legendary Plácido Domingo. The Opera is conducted by James Conlon.

This event is free and open ot the public. It is requested to RSVP. Doors open at 4:00pm. The live simulcast begins at 6:00pm. Bring your own seating: blankets, low lawn seats and cushions. It is suggested to wear warm clothing and solid footwear as the surface of the Pier can be uneven. Outside food and non-alcoholic beverages are allowed. Food and beverages will also be available for purchase. Wine may be purchased at The Wine Terrace. No pets are allowed.  Smoking is not be permitted.


Event Specifics:

Date: Saturday, September 22, 2018.

Time: arrive at 4:00 pm starts at 6:00 pm

Location: Santa Monica Pier

Price: Free

RSVP needed

Bravo! First Ever Revival Of Haiti At Theatricum Botanicum

The historical melodrama Haiti is in repertoire at Theatricum Botanicum in a first time ever revival about the Haitian Revolution. The first time this play was ever seen was on the stage of the New York Lafayette Theater in Harlem in 1938 in the middle of the Great Depression. It was part of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) from the Federal Theater Project  (FTP) under the New Deal from 1935 – 1939. When asked how this play might be out of the box for Theatricum Botanicum’s usual repertoire, the play’s director, Ellen Geer, had the following to say.

Haiti speaks of freedom, justice, the wrongs of colonization and the suppressing of any culture and race by another,” said Geer. “Theatre expresses humanity for audiences to think about, relate to themselves and feel for the play’s subject and perhaps shift one’s thinking to be involved when injustices surface, to recognize. Haiti is a robust melodrama that tells the story of a time when there was a righting of a wrong. This should never be out of any box.”

The FTP funded theater and other live artistic performances and entertainment programs in the United States during the Great Depression under the Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Administration. Hallie Flanagan shaped the FTP into a federation of regional theaters. Under her leadership, millions of Americans saw live theater for the first time where theaters experimented in new forms and techniques and created relevant art. 

The WPA and the FTP were national projects. Therefore some of the works may not be owned by the talent that created them. One famous example is the WPA owned photograph by Dorothea Lange that has come to symbolize the Great Depression. It is the one of the immigrant mother with her children around her. Lange took that photograph while working for the WPA. She therefore doesn’t own the copyright to that photograph. It became the property of the WPA. When asked how Geer was able to obtain the rights to perform Haiti, she had a similar and complicated set of events.

“August  29, 1935, the Federal Theatre Project, a branch of the Works Progress Administration was set up,” said Geer. “The United States Government took the position that talents of these professional theatre workers, together with the skills of painters, musicians and writers, made up a part of the national wealth which America could not afford to lose. Haiti was performed, and to this day, we have not found out how to give the royalties. The story of a black and mulatto community that takes back its nation, they are still fighting, still unheard.”

Congress canceled the FTP after objections to the left-wing political tone of a small percentage of its productions. A total of 81 out of 830 major titles were criticized for their content by members of Congress in public statements, committee hearings, on the floor of the Senate or House, or in testimony before Congressional committees. Of those, only 29 were original productions of the FTP. The Negro Theater Unit productions that garnered political scorn were The Case Of Philip Lawrence, which depicted a portrait of life in Harlem, Did Adam Sin, which was a review of black folklore with music and Haiti, a play about Toussaint L’Ouverture and the Haitian Revolt. 

The Negro Theatre Unit was part of the FTP. With units set up all over the United States, the project provided employment and apprenticeships to black playwrights, directors, actors and technicians. It offered a sorely needed source of employment to the black community under the weight of the Great Depression during its life from 1935 – 1939, the same as the FTP did to the talents of the white community with a similar skill set. The FTP inspired the founding of the American Negro Theater (1940 – 1949). 

When asked why it is important for black and white actors to perform together today, a touchy subject to speak of racial relations in today’s political atmosphere, Geer gave a strong answer.

“What a sad question! That it should even be asked!,” said Geer. “That we as a country haven’t honored all races and genders in every form in all roles on stage. I guess when this question isn’t asked anymore or investigated, we will have accomplished the natural way of being as a human race. Theatricum has always worked toward spreading and mixing the rich compost of ideas and people in life.”

Curious to know if Haiti was the first time black and white actors had performed on stage together, this journalist asked the expert.

“Haiti represented the Negro section of the Federal Theatre,” said Geer. 

The talent pulled together for this modern performance of Haiti was fantastic. The portrayal of the characters was emotional, engaging, at times funny, others tragic and still others the actors compelled you to despise them for the truly despicable behavior their character engaged in with the other female and black characters on stage. In particular, Jeff Wiesen, who portrayed the character Colonel Boucher, gave such a compelling performance he causes the audience to despise his character! Colonel Boucher is nothing but an ass of his time, representing the discriminatory behavior men of the historical past had toward women and blacks. He’s a symbol of Colonialism. Bravo Mr. Wiesen!

Wiesen’s character interacts on such an emotional and personal level with Max Lawrence’s character, General Christophe. Lawrence’s character, who is Haitian, is often on an equal level or gains the upper hand to Wiesen’s white Colonial character, even to the extent of calling him Colonel Mouche at one point. There was a time in the play where Christophe and the character Toussaint L’ouverture come under a flag of truce to Colonel Boucher. There is skullduggery about though. 

“I believe that Christophe is written to have a natural disdain for any authority that threatens the dignity he inherently carries as a man,” said Lawrence. “There seems to be a constant chess match taking place in the mind of Christophe that points to his desire to have the ‘upper hand’ whenever it is strategically possible. It is his identity as a soldier, and it is a strong quality in a time of war. This is certainly true when he compares approach beneath a flag of truce to Col. Boucher’s approach. Christophe and Toussaint came unarmed, while the French came with threats of violence. He even tries to gain a mental edge by reducing his foe Col. Boucher, which means Butcher in French, to Col. Mouche, which means fly. This sort of confrontation is part of Christophe’s nature. He also has run-ins with his superior officer Toussaint l’Ouverture, when debating to attack on the beach versus fall back and defend from the hills, and his comrade Jaqueline, when they argue about her job in remaining behind among the French.”

Come prepared to this play for some violence, actual violence. There is sword play that is very entertaining. The audience can thank Dane Oliver for the stunning choreography of the sword fighting. If this were film, there would be cuts to explain how a sword gets from place to place. This is live theater. There is no camera trickery here. This is all talent when that sword flies. There is also physical violence from actor to actor, typical of the time in which the play takes place. It made the mind numb. 

When asked about the level of violence toward blacks and women in this play, and if today’s plays were watered down on this subject, Lawrence said, “I think we are slowly but surely finding ways, both as a society and as an artistic community, to value the voices of people and groups that have historically been unheard, underutilized, and misrepresented. There is no question that we still have much more progress to make to represent the experiences of blacks and women. We arguably have even further to go when it comes to hearing from other marginalized communities on stage — Hispanic, Asian, Middle Eastern, LGTB, and more — and telling their stories. This opens the door to discussions that will hopefully lead to deeper understandings of both our common humanity, and the specific contributions that we have made to history.”

Lawrence’s performance was quite compelling that afterward it was an exercise to wonder how her prepared for the role, and how Geer helped talent prepare for their performance.

“A Director is done once the play has performance,” said Geer. “The stage manager keeps the form and sets things right if it gets lopsided. Actors grow in the story each time they perform it. They prepare themselves. They are professionals. Voice, physical, a role stays in the brain from the birth of the show until it ends. The interns and apprentices through classes and working with our company learn the way.”

Lawrence tells us of his method of preparing for and the background on which he had to prepare for the role.

“The time I had to prepare for this role was very limited due to some of the other commitments surrounding my life, so economy was the key,” said Lawrence. “My approach to Christophe was simple and Socratic, asking myself lots of questions and then building up this character around the answers. Many of those questions are the ones that actors typically ask that are rooted first within the text of the play: What is it that Christophe wants, and what lengths does he go to to get it? What things are said about him, either by himself or other characters? Which of those things are true? What are the relationship arcs that Christophe experiences during each scene? How is his relationship with Odette different from his relationship with Toussaint? Boucher vs. Jaqueline? How does each relationship evolve? Once I had an idea of who he was as a character, I did research on the historical figure to add another layer of truths to him: theories about his upbringing; encounters with French people; experiences that would have contributed to his stance on the Revolution. Once I had an idea of who ‘my Christophe’ was, my job became to play with him and to tweak and adjust him to serve the purposes of the story that Ellen wanted to tell with him — always the most fun part for me!”

Mr. Lawrence bravo! Bravo! What a fabulous performance! It will be intriguing to see how you do it. How will you make this character grow from the opening performance to the last. You left it all on the stage the first night! Excellent! 

The gem of the story and the performance was the character Jaqueline, performed by Earnestine Phillips. Ms. Phillips, bravo! Bravo! Another performance well done! Jaqueline is a character in a conundrum. She at once wants one thing and also another. 

When asked if she could relate to her character, her performance said everything that she could, Phillips said, “Yes, I had no problems relating to Jaqueline. She wants two things. Freedom from slavery, and to see her daughter again and make sure she is happy, healthy, safe, loved, prosperous, has a bright future, what any mother would want.”

Napoleon Bonaparte’s plan for world domination required a foothold in the Americas. So he dispatched his French troops to colonize Haiti.  The Creols, having recently won their freedom form British rule, wanted their own nation and to belong to themselves. Haiti was the first free black nation state. They were the first country in the Western Hemisphere to abolish slavery completely. The play historically recounts the actual uprising of Toussaint L’ouverture, and has successor Henri Christophe, against the invading army of Bonaparte. 

But it was the story of miscegenation, or a mixture of races, that aroused controversy. The actors are both black and white, and one actress in particular is of both black and white descent. In Haiti, a woman who is of both black and white ancestry is in Bonaparte’s retinue. This is historical. White slave owners often had sex with their black slaves and had offspring from the encounter. This resulted in miscegenation. It is a simple fact, but one people of that time chose to sweep under the rug of history. Hence the play became controversial. Black and white actors on the same stage was unacceptable, and an actress of both white and black ancestry was not palpitable to the New York critics or audiences. The relationships between a family and daughter of different races, however deftly handled, simply did not blow over well. It became a sticking point that the FTP was radical and needed to end.

Phillips’ character has a raw and emotional ending. It leaves the audience angry, upset at the colonizers and history in general. When asked how she felt about her character’s ending, Phillips said, “My Character had accomplished everything she wanted. Haiti winning the war against France, and seeing her daughter again after more than two decades.”

The character Odette is the character Jaqueline’s daughter. Odette is played by the dazzling Tiffany Coty. Again bravo! Bravo! Ms. Coty! The subject matter with which Coty had to handle in today’s atmosphere was explosive, and so was her performance! She portrayed the symbolism of her character with grace, and the subtext of our times with poise. Coty and Phillips made and excellent duo! 

“I feel that the relationship between Jaqueline and Odette symbolizes the power of a mother’s love for her child and visa versa,” said Phillips. “Tiffany and I had discussions about those feelings, plus we talked about Odette — unbeknownst to her — had grown up living as a white person just as her father, knowingly, had lived his life as a white person, and with that came wealth and privilege.”

When asked how she prepared for her historical role of Jaqueline, Phillips said, “I researched Haitian history, but bottom line, slavery is slavery whether it’s in the United States, or it’s on the Island of Haiti. It’s Europeans getting filthy rich on the backs of Africans. What else is new? No preparation necessary.”

The FTP also created Living Newspapers, themed plays about current events literally clipped from the day’s newspapers, some of which were directed by Orson Welles. These were researchers turned playwright. These plays were often hot-button topics, like Triple-A Plowed Under, about an attack on the US Supreme Court for killing an aid agency for farmers and an account of the Agricultural Administration Act that paid farmers to ruin their own crops. Another was Arthur Arent’s 1937 play on the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), titled Power, which chronicled the history of electricity from its discovery to the companies that controlled it to the TVA’s legal disputes. Critics called Power a propagandist play. 

Some of the first complaints of the Living Newspaper project came in 1936 over the planned production of Ethiopia, the project’s very first production. This play was about the invasion of Ethiopia by Italy and its dictator Benito Mussolini. Ethiopia was shut down when it was ruled the FTP could not depict current heads of state. Probably the most famous FTP production event was when The Cradle Will Rock was canceled on the eve to its debut. This was against a backdrop of suspicion the FTP had been infiltrated by Communists. 

“It was feared the pro-union musical would fuel the workers’ strikes and other acts of civil unrest prevalent at the time. Arriving at the theatre on the day of the intended debut, cast and crew were barred from entering by government soldiers,” according to records for there Library of Congress. “Director Orson Welles, intent on presenting the show, secured another theatre and led the company and the waiting audience to it. Since the company’s unions prohibited them from appearing on stage in this new theatre, the actors and musicians performed from seats in the audience, with the composer providing a piano accompaniment from the stage.”

Topanga Journal
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